The balance in the ecosystem is being disrupted because of human malevolent actions, especially with the animals.
According to the world’s top researchers, the extermination of wildlife is considered an urgency that imposes danger to civilizations. The World Wildlife Fund’s (WWF) major documentation together with the 59 scientists around the world provided a new assessment of animal carnage. The report suggests that the world populations’ endless and increasing exhaustion of food is damaging the web of life which took billions of years to manifest where humans mainly rely on clean water, air, and other necessities.
WWF Executive Director of Conservation and Science Mike Barrett said, “We are sleepwalking towards the edge of a cliff. If there was a 60% decline in the human population, that would be equivalent to emptying North America, South America, Africa, Europe, China, and Oceania. That is the scale of what we have done.”
The Zoological Society of London created the Living Planet Index for WWF. It utilizes data on 16,704 populations of animals including amphibians, birds, fish, mammals, and reptiles. It embodies over 4,000 species to trace the deterioration of wildlife. From 1970 to 2014, the latest information obtainable shows that animal population dropped an average of 60%. The collapse in the animal statistics continues to be relentless.
Environmental scientists Prof. Bob Watson pointed out that nature weighs into the well-being of humans, culturally and spiritually. It is also significant in the generation of clean water, food, and energy. Likewise, nature is important in the management of the Earth’s climate, pollination, pollution, and floods. The findings in the Living Planet Index evidently shows that human actions are destructing nature at intolerable degree, endangering the well-being of both present and future generations.
The devastation of the animals’ natural habitats has been the number one reason for the huge loss of wildlife. Forests have been turned into farmlands cutting down trees where animals take refuge and find their food. Another cause for the decline in animal population is its unrestricted consumption. About 300 species of mammals are near extinction as a food source while the world’s oceans are being overfished. Animals seen during the day became nocturnal to look for food and avoid human interaction.
South and Central America are the most disastrously afflicted states in the US with a vertebrate population that plummeted to 89%. The drop in number was caused by the huge reduction in the widespread regions of wildlife-rich forest in the tropical savannah known as cerrado. This is an area comparable to the size of Greater London which is cleared every two months to become farmlands and grazing animals.
The present rate of species loss is 100 to 1,000 times greater just a few hundred years ago. This depends on which of the planet’s living organisms are involved. Wild animals are measured by weight or its biomass and currently make for 4% of mammals, humans are 36% and livestock is 60%.
The manufacture, use of, and improper disposal of all kinds of plastics by humans cause great harm for both land and sea creatures aside from using pesticides. Wildlife population in oceans, rivers, and lakes has been severely damaged due to the animals’ ingestion of whole or deteriorated plastics.
The Break Free From Plastic movement named Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, and Nestle as the world’s worst plastic polluters. The giant brand companies are responsible for the 64% of all plastic pollution in the US and Canada. Roughly 8 million tons of bottles and plastic garbage crowd the oceans every year that wipe out marine life and enters the food chain.
Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, and Nestle along with other major brand companies pledged to slash all plastic wastes from their business procedures. The single use of plastics will be totally eliminated and the companies will venture into a new technology that will make packaging recyclable by 2025.