A new threat of El Niño is looming and scientists around the globe are actively monitoring it.
The previous El Niño took its toll on the planet in late 2015 and has been the strongest ever documented. A remarkable pattern of worldwide rainfall fluctuations caused massive wildfires in Indonesia. It propelled coral bleaching and affected over 60 million people globally. It is expected that the impending El Niño will be as harsh just like three years ago with grave consequences.
According to the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, the water temperature have now gone across El Niño. A full-blown phenomenon is possible to begin at some time or other in December. US weather forecasters propose a 90% chance of El Niño to develop by January.
The severest ever documented El Niño peaked in late 2015. Patterns in rainfall changed around the world which caused massive fires in Indonesia. It also stimulated the biggest coral bleaching occurrences in history while affecting over 60 million people globally at the same time. The impending El Niño is not anticipated to be as harsh as in 2015 but still will cause grave consequences.
The UN Food and Agriculture Organization delivered a report detailing many countries to be at high risk of starvation. Food shortages can aggravate or break out in Guatemala, Honduras, Kenya, Mozambique, Pakistan, Philippines, and Venezuela. El Niño frequents California with heavy rains and can heighten snowstorms in East Coast causing intense flooding.
Because El Niño warms the atmosphere, it is likely that 2019 can surpass 2016 being the warmest year ever recorded. As it began to take root, October and November have been strangely warm worldwide. This kind of drift is probable to continue according to University of California-Berkeley climate scientist, Zeke Hausfather.
There is a burgeoning multitude of evidence signifying that global warming is driving the Pacific close to more El Niños. In Africa, particularly in Zimbabwe’s Matabeleland South’s Matobo and Gwanda districts, farmers are beginning to lose their livestock as the works of the forecasted rains this season began taking its toll.
“One of the major problems that we face is that we cannot do much as we are incapacitated. We are not part of the decision-making processes and we are not involved in policy making. It becomes difficult to find podiums where we can voice our thoughts so that our people’s plight may be addressed,” said Kezi Chief Nyangazonke during a phone interview.
In 2012, over than 9,000 cattle died due to drought. Veld fires have also become an urgent concern as it ravages grazing areas in the province. Cattle walk farther to get to water reservoirs since nearby rivers and streams are already dried up. Humans and animals are conflicting for what is left of the same water resource.
Even if the area has been drenched with a few occasions of rainfall, animals are still suffering from nutritional insufficiency and animals should be adequately fed. The province is just hoping for better precipitation to at least lessen the number of livestock such as cattle and goats that died because of drought, water, and food shortage. The same fate is likely to be experienced by the villagers if nothing better will change in the weather.