Campi Flegrei may have slept for many decades but behind its deep slumber, it is secretly brewing a massive cauldron of magma.
The Italian supervolcano also called the Phlegrean Fields is a complicated volcanic location made of a chain of craters and hydrothermal topography. It is blotched with protruding small and big craters. Campi Flegrei lies at the western edge of Naples in Italy and sprawls into the Mediterranean Sea. Currently, more than half a million people are living near the supervolcano.
A group of scientists from the ETH Zürich, Cardiff University, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, and Sapienza-Università di Romain ventured into the magma chamber to analyze the interaction between volcanic rocks and glass from ancient explosions. They use that information to generate a computer model to reproduce the situations resulting in a volcanic eruption. The research was published in the journal “Science Advances” to facilitate scientists an understanding of the sleeping and waking phases of the supervolcano.
According to the researchers, Campi Flegrei might be getting into an evolving period which is likely to be finishing at some indefinite stage in the coming years, in a tremendous explosion. However, it does not mean that the supervolcano is not going for a devastation. Scientists are progressively tracking the system and identifying the warnings that could indicate impending explosions. Whatever theoretical enormous eruption is possibly far in the time to come and could be thousands of years or even more.
“As often happens in scientific research, the data collection and analysis may be more important than the immediate interpretations, which in fact are not so well constrained,” said volcanologist Claudia Troise of Vesuvius Observatory through an email. their group was assigned to monitor the activity of the supervolcano.
Campi Flegrei already went through tremendous explosions which began about 39,000 years ago and were known as the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption and the other one as Neapolitan Yellow Tuff eruption. The first explosion of the supervolcano scattered ash across almost 1.5 million square miles.
Within the proximity of the supervolcano lies 24 craters including other land shapes formed by the previous eruptions. The most recent volcanic activity known as Monte Nuovo (means new mountain) was not that destructive – even if the eruption took eight days – but forged a mountain in the region in 1583. The magma’s components from the Monte Nuovo eruption points out that the occurrence was a surge of something that manifested as part of the volcano’s slow development to another huge eruption someday.
Scientists examined the rocks prior to its eruption and after an explosion and noticed the specific changes. The more modern rocks were identical in components to the ones that incline to take shape before massive eruptions.
As the exploration provides significant observations into the transformations within the supervolcano, the scientists clearly stated that there is no indication to evoke assumptions on when the next explosion is going to be, or if it is going to be an enormous eruption. There is also a likelihood that it is going to be dormant.